Paris, also known as Alexander, is a figure from Greek mythology who is most famous for his role in the events leading up to the Trojan War. He was a prince of Troy, the son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba.

Paris’s story begins with a prophecy. Before his birth, Hecuba dreamed that she gave birth to a flaming torch that destroyed Troy. The seers interpreted this as a sign that her son would be the downfall of the city, so when Paris was born, Priam ordered a servant to abandon the infant on Mount Ida. However, the servant couldn’t bring himself to leave the child to die and instead gave him to a shepherd. Paris grew up among the shepherd’s family, ignorant of his royal lineage.

Paris is perhaps best known for his role in the “Judgement of Paris.” Presented with a golden apple by the goddess Eris, with the inscription “to the fairest,” he was asked to choose between Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite to decide who was the most beautiful. Each goddess tried to influence his decision with promises: Hera offered him power, Athena wisdom and prowess in war, and Aphrodite the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. Paris chose Aphrodite, thus earning the enmity of Hera and Athena.

The “most beautiful woman,” as it turned out, was Helen of Sparta, who was already married to King Menelaus. Paris either seduced or abducted Helen (the myths vary on this point) and brought her back to Troy. This act triggered the Trojan War, as the Greeks launched a massive expedition to retrieve Helen.

Paris participated in the war, but was not typically portrayed as a heroic character. In fact, he often avoided combat, a notable exception being his slaying of the Greek hero Achilles with a shot to the heel. However, this act was often attributed more to the guiding hand of Apollo than to Paris’s skill.

Paris was ultimately killed near the end of the war. Depending on the version of the story, he was either killed in combat by the hero Philoctetes, who had inherited Heracles’s bow and arrows, or was mortally wounded and abandoned by his former lover, the nymph Oenone, whom he had left for Helen and who could have healed him.

Helen of Troy

Helen of Troy is a figure from ancient Greek mythology who is known for her exceptional beauty. She was the daughter of Zeus and Leda, and in many myths, she is considered to be the most beautiful woman in the world. Her abduction by Paris, the prince of Troy, was the event that sparked the Trojan War.

Helen was originally married to Menelaus, the king of Sparta, after he won her hand in a competition. However, when Paris of Troy visited Sparta, he was smitten with Helen. Encouraged by Aphrodite, who had promised him the most beautiful woman in the world as a reward in the Judgment of Paris, he abducted Helen and took her back to Troy. This act was considered a great insult to Menelaus and to the Greeks in general, leading to the Trojan War as the Greeks set out to reclaim Helen and punish Troy.

In some versions of the story, Helen went willingly with Paris, enchanted by his charm, while in others, she was taken against her will. Some accounts even suggest that the gods made an illusionary image of Helen to accompany Paris to Troy, while the real Helen was whisked away to Egypt for the duration of the war.

After the war, Helen returned to Sparta with Menelaus. In some versions of her story, she was welcomed back and lived the rest of her life peacefully, while in others, she was met with suspicion and hostility.

Helen’s story has been the subject of numerous adaptations and reinterpretations throughout history. She is often portrayed as a complex and somewhat tragic figure – a woman whose beauty made her the object of other people’s desires and conflicts, rather than an agent of her own destiny.


Heracles, better known by his Roman name Hercules, is a hero in Greek mythology who is known for his strength and for his numerous far-ranging adventures. He is the son of Zeus, the king of the gods, and a mortal woman named Alcmene. Because of his half-god, half-human status, Heracles lived both among the gods and on earth, a theme common in many Greek myths.

Heracles is perhaps best known for the Twelve Labours, tasks that he was forced to complete as penance for killing his wife and children in a fit of madness, which was induced by the goddess Hera. Hera, the wife of Zeus, was known for her vengeful nature towards Zeus’s illegitimate children and used her power to make life difficult for Heracles throughout his life.

The Twelve Labours of Heracles were:

  1. Slay the Nemean Lion.
  2. Slay the nine-headed Lernaean Hydra.
  3. Capture the Golden Hind of Artemis.
  4. Capture the Erymanthian Boar.
  5. Clean the Augean stables in a single day.
  6. Slay the Stymphalian Birds.
  7. Capture the Cretan Bull.
  8. Steal the Mares of Diomedes.
  9. Obtain the girdle of Hippolyta, Queen of the Amazons.
  10. Obtain the cattle of the monster Geryon.
  11. Steal the apples of the Hesperides.
  12. Capture and bring back Cerberus, the three-headed dog guarding the Underworld.

After his death, Heracles was granted immortality and a place among the gods on Mount Olympus. His myths have had a significant influence on Western culture and he is a prominent figure in literature and art.


Nyx is a figure from Greek mythology who represents the primordial goddess of the night. She is one of the first beings to have emerged at the creation of the universe, born from Chaos, the void of emptiness. Nyx is often depicted as an incredibly powerful figure, one of the few whom even Zeus, king of the gods, is said to fear.

Nyx is said to have given birth to a number of deities, often by herself, that personify various aspects of the world and the human condition. These include Aether (Brightness), Hemera (Day), Moros (Doom), Thanatos (Death), Hypnos (Sleep), the Fates, and many others. In some myths, she is also said to be the mother of Eris (Strife), and through her, the grandmother of various spirits associated with conflict and distress.

She is often depicted as a figure of exceptional beauty and is typically associated with mystery, as she embodies the darkness of night, a time traditionally associated with the unknown and the supernatural in many cultures.

Despite her fundamental role in the cosmogony, Nyx doesn’t play a major active role in many myths, instead serving as the personification of night and the mother of several significant deities. Her power, however, is unquestionable in the ancient sources, making her one of the more formidable figures in the Greek pantheon.

« Older posts
Translate ยป