Agamemnon was the most powerful king in Mycenaean Greece.
Agamemnon led a fleet of ten thousand ships to the land of Troy to rescue queen Helen of Sparta, who was abducted (or seduced) by Prince Paris.
The Trojan war lasted 10 long years, at the end of which the “Greeks” won. Troy was raised to the ground, and the greeks made their way home.
After the war
When Agamemnon arrived home to his wife, Clytemnestra, in Argos, he was murdered by her lover Aegisthus.
Agamemnon is the brother of Menaleus, King of Sparta, and husband.
Both sons of Atreus, Agamemnon and Meneleus were also decendants to Pelops and Tantalus.
Agamemnon’s wife, Clytemnestra was the sister of Helen, both of whom were daughters of Tyndareus.
In Greek Mythology, Achilles is a demi-god, as he is the son of Goddess Thetis, and the mortal warrior hero, Peleus.
In the Iliad
In the first lines of the Iliad, Homer writes of Achilles’ anger (wrath), which was caused by his quarrel with Agamemnon.
The wrath of Peleus‘ son, the direful spring
Of all the Grecian woes, O Goddess, sing!Alexander POpe, Translation of the Illiad
Peleus was the King of Phthia, a city in ancient Thessaly and is known for being the husband of the Goddess Thetis, with whom they had a son called Achilles.
Peleus was also one of the Argonaughts in the quest for the Golden Fleece.
Atreus was a King of Mycenae and the father of Agamemnon and Menelaus, who were both prominent characters in the Trojan War.